Isaiah イザヤ書

Today we continue our six-becoming-seven year series on the books of the Bible, overviewing one book of the Bible every month. We started in January 2013 and have worked our way through

The Pentateuch
The history books
The wisdom literature
Today we start the major prophets (major because they wrote more not because they are more important)
Today – Isaiah! イザヤ書

Isaiah lived and wrote around 700BC, a stormy political period with the rise of the Assyrian empire and the demise of Israel.

Isaiah wrote about hefty themes: God’s judgement and salvation; punishment and redemption; the fall of Jerusalem and ultimate salvation in Christ.
神の裁き、救い、罰、購い、エルサレムの崩壊、最終的なキリストにある救い。

As such, Isaiah is a highly prophetic book and today we will look at three of the major prophecies that Isaiah gave.

Before we do, I would like to look at and share with you Isaiah’s calling.
Isaiah’s vision of heaven: (Isaiah 6)

In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple. 2 Above him were seraphim, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. 3 And they were calling to one another:
“Holy, holy, holy is the Lord Almighty; the whole earth is full of his glory.”
4 At the sound of their voices the doorposts and thresholds shook and the temple was filled with smoke.
5 “Woe to me!” I cried. “I am ruined! For I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, the Lord Almighty.”

6 Then one of the seraphim flew to me with a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with tongs from the altar. 7 With it he touched my mouth and said, “See, this has touched your lips; your guilt is taken away and your sin atoned for.”
ウジヤ王の死んだ年、わたしは主が高くあげられたみくらに座し、その衣のすそが神殿に満ちているのを見た。
2 その上にセラピムが立ち、おのおの六つの翼をもっていた。その二つをもって顔をおおい、二つをもって足をおおい、二つをもって飛びかけり、
3 互に呼びかわして言った。「聖なるかな、聖なるかな、聖なるかな、万軍の主、その栄光は全地に満つ」。
4 その呼ばわっている者の声によって敷居の基が震い動き、神殿の中に煙が満ちた。
5 その時わたしは言った、「わざわいなるかな、わたしは滅びるばかりだ。わたしは汚れたくちびるの者で、汚れたくちびるの民の中に住む者であるのに、わたしの目が万軍の主なる王を見たのだから」。
6 この時セラピムのひとりが火ばしをもって、祭壇の上から取った燃えている炭を手に携え、わたしのところに飛んできて、
7 わたしの口に触れて言った、「見よ、これがあなたのくちびるに触れたので、あなたの悪は除かれ、あなたの罪はゆるされた」。

Following this vision, the Lord Himself speaks to Isaiah
8 Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, “Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?”
8 わたしはまた主の言われる声を聞いた、「わたしはだれをつかわそうか。だれがわれわれのために行くだろうか」。

And for Isaiah’s response to God, let’s have a quiz:
“Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?” 「わたしはだれをつかわそうか。だれがわれわれのために行くだろうか」。
a) No chance. I’m out of here. とんでもない。私には関係ない。
b) What, exactly, are the terms and conditions of the job? その仕事の条件はいったい何ですか?
c) Surely Lord, there is someone more suitable for this. 主よ、もっとふさわしい人がいるでしょう
d) Here am I. Send me! ここに私がおります。私を遣わしてください。
The answer is d). Unlike Moses, who gave numerous excuses to avoid his calling, or Jonah, who jumped on a boat and ran away, Isaiah never finched. He received the call and he said, “Here I am. Send me.” 「ここにわたしがおります。わたしをおつかわしください」。

I wanted to share this with you because for many years, I was like Moses (in terms of hesitation in responding to God’s call). Over the years, I felt God calling me to pastoral work and a number of respected leaders encouraged me in this. But I was very comfortable in a supporting role in church and wasn’t that good enough? But about 10 years ago, I got a fresh calling and the response of Isaiah to God was like a loud bell ringing in my heart. And so I responded as Isaiah did, and so I consider Isaiah to be something of a mentor.

What about you? What’s your call? あなたはどうですか? あなたの神からの召しは何ですか?

Now, let’s look at these three (of many) major prophecies

The nature of prophecy is rarely telling the future. It’s better defined as “telling something that God has spontaneously brought to mind”. (Grudem)
預言は“神が自発的に思い起こさせてくれたことを語る”と定義されています。

Having said that, Isaiah frequently prophesied future events. He prophesies the extraordinary conception and identity of the Christ-child, a prophecy that we read and re-read every Advent:

For to us a child is born, to us a son is given;
and the government will be upon his shoulder, and his name will be called
“Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.”
7 Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end,
upon the throne of David, and over his kingdom, to establish it, and to uphold it
with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and for evermore.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.
Isaiah 9:6,7
ひとりのみどりごがわれわれのために生れた、ひとりの男の子がわれわれに与えられた。まつりごとはその肩にあり、その名は、「霊妙なる議士、大能の神、とこしえの父、平和の君」ととなえられる。
7 そのまつりごとと平和とは、増し加わって限りなく、ダビデの位に座して、その国を治め、今より後、とこしえに公平と正義とをもって/これを立て、これを保たれる。万軍の主の熱心がこれをなされるのである。

It was Isaiah who saw this. He saw that the Christ-child would be born of a virgin – an extraordinary prophecy – and be from the line of David.
And it was Isaiah who saw what kind of Messiah he would be: Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. 霊妙なる議士、大能の神、とこしえの父、平和の君
These four names are huge. Each name consists of two elements and as such were not like normal OT personal names. Each name points to a particular function as well as identity as to who the Christ would be.

Wonderful Counselor: a king who carries out a marvellous program of action
霊妙なる議士    素晴らしい行動計画を実行される王
Mighty God: Divine, powerful warrior
大能の神  神である力強い勇士
Everlasting Father: an enduring, compassionate provider and protector
とこしえの父  揺るぐことなく哀れみ深く与えてくれるお方、守ってくれるお方
Prince of Peace: His rule will bring wholeness to individuals and to society
平和の君    神の支配は個人にそして社会に一体感をもたらす

These four titles were fulfilled in Jesus. We can better know Jesus because of this wonderful prophecy revealed to and through Isaiah.

2. Isaiah ministered at a time [map] when the northern kingdom (Israel) fell and the southern kingdom (Judah) was under threat (and about to fall). It looked as though all the victories and promises and glory of the Israel’s past were about to be completely snuffed out. But even in the face of total annihilation, God still had a plan of redemption, and Isaiah prophesied it happening in stunning detail. 絶滅に直面していたときでも、神は購いの計画を持っておられました。
Isaiah completed these prophecies by 701BC and if anyone had any doubt about the integrity of these prophecies, their fulfilment wasn’t even in Isaiah’s life time. In fact Judah didn’t fall until 586BC, almost 100 years after Isaiah’s death.

But perhaps even more stunning than the broad prophecies concerning the downfalls and triumphs of nations, is the amazing detail that Isaiah was able to provide. Isaiah predicted by name and nationality the ruler Cyrus of Persia as the one who would conquer Babylon (Babylon conquered Judah, then Persia conquered Babylon), and it was Cyrus, the conquering Persian, who allowed (encouraged!) the Jews – a completely conquered and destroyed people – to return to Israel and rebuild their nation, about 150 years after Isaiah prophesied it happening.

If we’re impressed by Isaiah, then we’re missing the mark. It’s God who gets the glory. He was the One who planned this out, brought it to fruition and revealed it all to Isaiah. To God be the glory! 栄光を受けるのは神です。

3. Every book of the OT in some way points to Christ. Perhaps none more so than Isaiah.
Chapter 53: The suffering servant. This chapter is your homework for this week. Read it slowly, carefully and thoughtfully, and marvel at its insight and accuracy. Here are some key verses: 旧約聖書のすべては何らかの点でキリストを指しています。

5 He was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities;
the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed.
しかし彼はわれわれのとがのために傷つけられ、われわれの不義のために砕かれたのだ。彼はみずから懲らしめをうけて、われわれに平安を与え、その打たれた傷によって、われわれはいやされたのだ。

7 He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.
彼はしえたげられ、苦しめられたけれども、口を開かなかった。ほふり場にひかれて行く小羊のように、また毛を切る者の前に黙っている羊のように、口を開かなかった。

11 After he has suffered, he will see the light of life and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities.
彼は自分の魂の苦しみにより光を見て満足する。義なるわがしもべはその知識によって、多くの人を義とし、また彼らの不義を負う。

Isaiah doesn’t only prophecy what happened, but what it all means.
Yes, He prophesies the death of Christ, his wounds, his affliction, his silence, his resurrection, his justification of many. イザヤはキリストの死、キリストが受けられた傷、苦痛、沈黙、復活、キリストが多くの人を義とすることを預言しています。
But he also explains why this had to happen: to remove our transgressions, to bring us peace and healing, to bring justification and life. しかしなぜこれらのことが起こらなければならなかったかも説明しています:私たちの罪を取り除くため、平安と癒しをもたらすため、義と命をもたらすため。

These words were written 700 years before they were fulfilled in Christ. And they lead us to marvel at God’s planning and power and provision and perfection. They lead us to marvel at the testimony and truth of all He has written. We have a good God! We have a powerful God. And we have a God who loves us so much that He gave His only Son to be pierced for our transgressions, so that we can made right again and enjoy fellowship with God, as children of God. イザヤの言葉によって、神のご計画、力、備え、完全さに私たちが驚嘆させられます。 イザヤが書いたことのすべての証と真理に驚嘆させられます。私たちには素晴らしい神がいます。私たちには力強い神がいます。そして私たちを愛するがゆえに、たった一人の御子を私たちの罪のために刺し通し与えてくださった神、私たちが神の子として再び神と正しい関係を持ち、神との交わりを楽しめるようにたった一人の御子を与えてくださった神が私たちにはいます。

Amen!