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Lessons From Pentecost

May 31st, 2020 Pentecost Sunday

Minoh International Church
Pastor Joseph Ricohermoso
Acts 2:1~21, 40~41 NIV
使徒の働き 2:1~21, 40~41

1 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place.2 Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. 4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.
5 Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven. 6 When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard their own language being spoken.7 Utterly amazed, they asked: “Aren’t all these who are speaking Galileans? 8 Then how is it that each of us hears them in our native language? 9 Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome 11 (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs—we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!” 12 Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, “What does this mean?”
13 Some, however, made fun of them and said, “They have had too much wine.”
14 Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: “Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say. 15 These people are not drunk, as you suppose. It’s only nine in the morning! 16 No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:
17 “‘In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams.
18 Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy.
19 I will show wonders in the heavens above and signs on the earth below, blood and fire and billows of smoke.
20 The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord.
21 And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’
40 With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.” 41 Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day.

Acts 2:1~21, 40~41 NIV

1 約束の聖霊が下る
2 さて、イエスの死と復活から、七週間が過ぎました。五旬節(ユダヤ教の祭りの一つ)の日のことです。信者たちが一堂に集まっていると、 2 突然、天からものすごい音がしました。まるで、激しい風が吹きつけるような音です。それが、家全体にごうごうと響き渡ったのです。 3 そして、めらめら燃える炎の舌のようなものが現れ、みなの頭上にとどまりました。 4 するとどうでしょう。その場にいた人たちは、みな聖霊に満たされ、知りもしない外国語で話し始めたではありませんか。聖霊が、それだけの力を与えてくださったのです。5 その日エルサレムには、たくさんの敬虔なユダヤ人が、祭りのために、世界のあちこちから集まっていました。 6 この大音響に、人々はいったい何事かと駆けつけましたが、弟子たちの話していることばを聞いて、すっかり面食らってしまいました。まぎれもなく自分たちの国のことばだったからです。7 人々には、さっぱり訳がわかりません。ただ口々に、こう言い合うばかりでした。「こんなことってあるだろうか。みんなガリラヤ出身の人だというのに、 8 私たちの国のことばですらすら話している。 9 ここには、パルテヤ人、メジヤ人、エラム人、またメソポタミヤ、ユダヤ、カパドキヤ、ポント、アジヤ、 10 フルギヤ、パンフリヤ、エジプト、それにリビヤのクレネ語が使われている地方などから来た人たちがいるし、ほかにも、ローマからの旅行者で、もともとのユダヤ人もいれば、ユダヤ教への改宗者もいる。 11 それに、クレテ人やアラビヤ人もいる。それがどうだ。それぞれの出身地のことばで、神のすばらしい奇跡の話を聞くとは……。」
12 人々はただ呆然として、「いったい、どうなっているのだ」と顔を見合わせました。
13 しかし中には、「何、彼らは酔っぱらっているだけさ」と、あざける者たちもいました。14 するとペテロが、十一人の使徒と共につかつかと進み出て、声を張り上げ、人々に語りかけました。「よそから来られた方も、エルサレムに住んでおられる皆さんも、どうぞお聞きください。 15 皆さんの中には、私たちが酒に酔っているのだとおっしゃる方もいますが、そんなことはありません。酒に酔うには時間が早すぎます。朝の九時から酒を飲む人はいないでしょう。 16 いま見ていることは、何世紀も前に、まさに預言者ヨエルが預言したことなのです。17 『神は言われる。終わりの日に、わたしはすべての人にわたしの霊を注ぐ。その時、あなたがたの息子、娘は預言し、青年は幻を見、老人は夢を見る。18 聖霊は、男女を問わず、わたしに仕える者たちに注がれる。すると、彼らは預言をする。
19 また、わたしは天と地に不思議なしるしを現す。血と火と煙の雲だ。20 主の恐るべき日が来る前に、太陽は暗くなり、月は血のように赤くなる。21 しかし、主にあわれみを求める者はみな、
40 このあとも、ペテロの説教はえんえんと続きました。イエスのことや、悪に満ちたこの時代から救われなければならないことを、ことばを尽くして訴えたのです。 41 この日、ペテロの言うことを信じた人はバプテスマを受けましたが、その数は全部で三千人ほどでした。

使徒の働き 2:1~21, 40~41


Like so many of our Christian traditions, Pentecost has its origins in Judaism. The Feast of Pentecost, or the Festival of Weeks (Shavuot, in Hebrew), is one of the three (3) main feasts celebrated in the Jewish year. It takes place 50 days after Passover (Leviticus 23:15~16). The feast is designed to offer God the first fruits of the new grain harvest.

22 “Celebrate the Festival of Weeks with the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Festival of Ingathering at the turn of the year.”

Exodus 34:22

22 毎年、祭りを祝うことを忘れてはならない。小麦の最初の収穫の時には七週の祭りを、それに収穫の祭りを祝いなさい。

出エジプト記 34:22

26 “On the day of first fruits, when you present to the Lord an offering of new grain during the Festival of Weeks, hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.”

Numbers 28:26

26 七週の祭り〔のちのペンテコステの祭り〕とも言われる刈り入れの祭りの日には、収穫を祝う神聖な集会を開きなさい。その日には、どんな仕事も休み、穀物の供え物として初物をささげる。

民数記 28:26

9 “Count off seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain. 10 Then celebrate the Festival of Weeks to the Lord your God by giving a freewill offering in proportion to the blessings the Lord your God has given you.”

Deuteronomy 16:9~10

9 刈り入れが始まって七週間目に、 10 主の前に七週の祭りを祝います。その時には、主が収穫させてくださった量に応じて、それぞれ、進んで行うささげ物をしなさい。

申命記 16:9-10

The English word ‘Pentecost’ is a transliteration of the Greek word pentekostes, which means ‘fifty.’ It comes from the ancient Christian expression pentekoste hemera, which means ’50th day.’

In Acts 2, we are told the story of Pentecost and the birth of the early church. Already gathered together in order to celebrate the feast, the Apostles heard “a sound like the blowing of a violent wind” come from heaven and fill the house where they were assembled. Next, they saw what appeared to be tongues of fire rest on each one of them. They were filled with the Holy Spirit and began speaking in other languages they did not know. The combination of the wind and the different languages being spoken drew a “crowd” who stood amazed as the apostles told them of the wonders of God, in their own native tongues!
使徒の働き2章では、ペンテコステと初代教会の誕生の話が書かれています。祝祭を祝うために集まっていた弟子たちは「激しい風が吹きつける音」が天から聞こえ、それは彼らが集まっていた場所に満ち渡りました。次に、めらめら燃える炎の舌のようなものが現れ、みなの頭上にとどまりました。 その場にいた人たちは、みな聖霊に満たされ、知りもしない外国語で話し始めたではありませんか。激しい風と様々な言語の組み合わせは、神の奇跡を各々の母国語で話し始めた使徒たちに驚いた”群衆”を表しています。

Next, Peter gets up and explains what is happening in the context of Scripture. He recites a passage from the book of Joel which explains how God is going to send the Holy Spirit and pour it out on all flesh—men and women, Jews and Gentiles, old and young. Then he talks about Jesus, who recently died and rose again. Again using Scripture the crowd would have been familiar with (passages from the Psalms of David), he shows how God’s word foretold Jesus’ coming to earth, His death, and His resurrection. About 3,000 people received Peter’s words and were baptized that day.
次にペテロが立って、聖書を引用しながらその出来事を説明しました。いま見ていることは、何世紀も前に、まさに預言者ヨエルが預言したことだと言いました。『神は言われる。終わりの日に、わたしはすべての人にわたしの霊を注ぐ。その時、あなたがたの息子、娘は預言し、青年は幻を見、老人は夢を見る。 聖霊は、男女を問わず、わたしに仕える者たちに注がれる。すると、彼らは預言をする。』

A few things stick out about the day of Pentecost described in Acts 2. These are some the lessons from Pentecost.

  1. The Holy Spirit came when believers were gathered together – Acts 2:1

1 “When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place.”
Amazing things happen when the children of God gather together. The followers of our Lord Jesus were positioned to receive God’s gift of the Holy Spirit. They heeded the Lord’s command not to leave Jerusalem (Acts 1:4). After His ascension to heaven, the disciples went to the upper room (Acts 1:13) and “they all joined together constantly in prayer” (Acts 1:14). Their number was about 120 (Acts 1:15).
神様を信じる人々が一緒に集まると素晴らしいことが起こります。ここでも、イエス様の弟子たちが精霊を受けようとしていました。彼らはエルサレムを離れないようにという主の命令を聞き入れ ました(使徒の働き1:4)。イエス様が天に召された後も、屋上の間に行き、(使徒の働き1:13)定期的に祈りのために集まっていました(使徒の働き1:14)。その数は120人ほどでした。(使徒の働き1:15)

Apparently, the other instances recorded in the book of Acts point to the same pattern. The Holy Spirit came in the context of a gathering. For example, in Samaria (Acts 8:14~17); to the Gentile audience in Caesarea (Acts 10:44~45); and, to a group in Ephesus (Acts 19:1~7).

Some will argue that the Holy Spirit is sovereign and He will do as He pleases. I agree. But, the collective expression of faith in prayer and the gathering in His name, accentuate the atmosphere whereby He is expected to powerfully manifest Himself as He did in the past.

There’s a story about the great Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, the first to discover the magnetic meridian of the North Pole and to discover the South Pole. On one of his trips, Amundsen took a homing pigeon with him. When he had finally reached the top of the world, he opened the bird’s cage and set it free. Imagine the delight of Amundsen’s wife, back in Norway, when she looked up from the doorway of her home and saw the pigeon circling in the sky above. No doubt she exclaimed, “He’s alive! My husband is still alive!” 

So it was when Jesus ascended. He was gone, but the disciples clung to His promise to send them the Holy Spirit. They waited patiently together. What joy, then, when the dovelike Holy Spirit descended at Pentecost. The disciples had with them the continual reminder that Jesus was alive and victorious at the right of the Father. This continues to be the Spirit’s message. 

  1. The Holy Spirit birthed and empowered the church – Acts 2:4, 11

4 “All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.”
11 “…we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!”

Though spiritual rebirth is the common experience of every true believer in Jesus Christ, the Bible passage does not specifically mention that the church was born on the Day of Pentecost. However, it pictures a major shift in the life of the disciples from this point forward. They were filled with the Holy Spirit. They were changed and supernaturally enabled. They were empowered. The once fearful followers became bold proclaimers of the gospel. From this point forward, they never turned back even in the face of opposition and persecution.

Following the original intent of the feast of Pentecost, which was to offer to God the firstfruits of the harvest, the Apostles offered the firstfruits of their ministry that day. They would go on to lead many more to Christ—in other nations and among other tribes and tongues. Their work would not have been possible if it hadn’t been for the supernatural equipping of the Holy Spirit.

  1. The Holy Spirit empowered the church for witness – Acts 2:14, 21, 40

14 Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: “Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say. // 21 And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’ // 40 With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.”  
14 するとペテロが、十一人の使徒と共につかつかと進み出て、声を張り上げ、人々に語りかけました。「よそから来られた方も、エルサレムに住んでおられる皆さんも、どうぞお聞きください。
21 しかし、主にあわれみを求める者はみな、あわれみを受けて救われる
40 このあとも、ペテロの説教はえんえんと続きました。イエスのことや、悪に満ちたこの時代から救われなければならないことを、ことばを尽くして訴えたのです。

Peter’s message is the first example we are given of an early-church sermon inviting others to join the Kingdom of God. He explained prophetic Scriptures, warned them of the coming judgment and pleaded with them to turn to God for salvation.

While the Holy Spirit worked powerfully in the Old Testament and also manifested Himself while Jesus was on the earth in human form, this is the first time we see the Holy Spirit dwell among people.

Apart from Jesus Himself, prior to this infilling of the Holy Spirit, mass conversions of this magnitude would not have been possible. Pentecost is to remind us that the Holy Spirit supernaturally equips us to reach the lost.
Moody was to have an evangelistic campaign in England. An elderly pastor protested, “Why do we need this ‘Mr. Moody’? He’s uneducated, inexperienced, etc. Who does he think he is anyway? Does he think he has a monopoly on the Holy Spirit?” A younger, wiser pastor rose and responded, “No, but the Holy Spirit has a monopoly on Mr. Moody.”


Today, we are reminded that we need to be active, participating members of Christ’s body. Imagine if you were a part of the group gathered “together in one place” (v.1), but had decided to stay home that day. You would have missed such an amazing work of God among them.

Lord-willing, when we get the opportunity to regather, it will be awesome to see everyone doing their fair share in rebuilding and strengthening our community. Without holding back, let us employ our Spirit-given gifts, to help each other grow to maturity.

God has put us together as a family of faith to equip us and empower us for ministry. Additionally, it has been a part of the Church’s DNA from day one to reach those of different tribes, tongues and customs. This can be done only through the supernatural equipping of the Holy Spirit. Thank God for Pentecost. Thank God for His gift of the Spirit. Let Him take monopoly of us.